lactate threshold

non - lt fft example

This FFT graph of non-medical ecg data has many peaks. This is due to a high variation in the heart's beat to beat intervals (HRV). As an individual gets closer to their Lactic Threshold, HRV drops and the peaks begin to converge on eachother. See the screen shot below for an example of LT FFT.

lt fft example

This FFT graph of non-medical ecg has fewer, more distinguished peaks. Comparing this FFT to the previous screenshot above, one can see that the peaks have converged into one another. This is a result of HRV drop, which happens as an individual gets closer to LT. The peak at the far left is the heart rate frequency. LT is interpreted by monitoring and measuring this frequency and its behavior. The other peaks are harmonics of heart rate, cadence, breathing, and artifact. Using FFT, artifact is rejected and only clean signal is left behind.

w2nd pro tip


Start cycling on a stationary cycle ergometer at 30 W for 4 minutes;

Increase the wattage by 30 W every 4 minutes;

Cycle until nearly exhausted;

Warm Down for 4 minutes.                                                                                                                 



Start running on a treadmill at a slow pace for 4 minutes:

Increase the speed by 0.5 mph every 4 minutes:

Run until nearly exhausted.

Warm Down for 4 minutes.